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English Grammar


 
 

Types of Sentences

  1. Sentences can be defined according to their content or intention:

    • Declarative sentence: a sentence that states a fact or an idea.

      —The police officer stopped the man in the red car because he was speeding.

    • Interrogative sentence: a sentence that asks a question and ends in a question mark.

      —Where are the songs of spring?

    • Imperative sentence: a sentence that issues a command or makes a request.

      —Please bring me the newspaper.

    • Exclamatory sentence: a sentence that issues a command or makes a dramatic observation. Exclamation points should not punctuate declarative sentences.

      —What a tiring day!

      —Get away from me!

  2. Sentences also can be defined according to their structure:

    • Simple sentence: a sentence made up of a single independent clause.

      —It is a beautiful day.

    • Compound sentence: a sentence made up of two independent clauses connected by a conjunction.

      —It is a beautiful day, and I’m eager to go outside.

    • Complex sentence: a sentence made up of one or more dependent clauses connected to an independent clause.

      —Because it is a beautiful day, I’m eager to go outside.

    • Compound-complex sentence: a sentence made up of multiple independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.

      —I love sunshine, and because it is a beautiful day, I’m eager to go outside.