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English Grammar


Other Parts of Speech

  1. Conjunction: a word that links other words, phrases, or clauses together. Common conjunctions include and, if, or, and but.

    • Coordinating conjunction: a conjunction that joins words, phrases, or independent clauses without indicating relationship.

      —I was hungry, so I wanted to eat.

      —Lawyers and doctors traditionally are well paid.

    • Correlative conjunction: a conjunction that links, equates, or opposes ideas. Correlative conjunctions are always used in pairs.

      —He wanted either pizza or a hamburger.

      Both Democrats and Republicans are optimistic about the future.

    • Subordinating conjunction: a conjunction that introduces a dependent clause and indicates the relationship of the dependent clause to the independent clause.

      If you are good, you may have ice cream.

      After she learned to ski, Angelica decided to learn to snowboard.

  2. Interjection: a word that is not related grammatically to the rest of the sentence but that conveys emotion or surprise.

    Wow, that was a good game!

  3. Article: a word (the, a, or an) that specifies a noun. Some people define articles as adjectives.

    The bus turned into a dark alley.

  4. Preposition: a word used to indicate physical or conceptual relationships between other words.

    —The squirrel sat under the tree.

    • Prepositional phrase: the combination of a preposition, its object, and the words between them.

      —The squirrel sat under the tree.

    • Common prepositions:

      about   behind   down   like   since   up
      above   below   during   near   through   upon
      across   beneath   except   of   throughout   with
      after   beside   for   off   till   without
      against   besides   from   on   to  
      around   between   in   out   toward  
      at   beyond   inside   outside   under  
      before   by   into   over   until  

      according to   because of   by way of   in addition to   in front of   in place of
      in regard to   in spite of   instead of   on account of   out of