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SPANISH GRAMMAR


 
 

Verbs: Imperative/el Imperativo

  1. Expresses commands

  2. Used in the second person and in the first-person collective (nosotros, as the English equivalent of “let’s”)

    1. In second-person formal, affirmative and negative forms are the same

    2. In second-person familiar, affirmative and negative forms are different

     
    Person   Pronoun   –ar   –er, –ir
     
    2 singular (formal)   usted (Ud.)   (no) hable   (no) viva
     
    2 plural (formal)   ustedes (Uds.)   (no) hablen   (no) vivan
     
    2 singular (familiar)    

    habla

    no hables

     

    vive

    no vivas

     
    2 plural (familiar)   vosotros  

    hablad

    no habléis

     

    comed; vivid

    no comáis; no viváis

     
    1 plural   nosotros   (no) hablemos   (no) vivamos


  3. Note that affirmative forms for nosotros, vosotros, Ud., and Uds., as well as all negative forms, are the same as the present subjunctive tense.