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FRENCH GRAMMAR


 
 

POSSESSIVE / LE POSSESSIF

Ways to show ownership:

  1. Appartenir à:to belong to. Ceci m'appartient. Ced appartient à moi.(This belongs to me.)

  2. Eire+ à+ noun or emphatic pronoun: C'est à Guy; C'est à lui.(That's Guy's; That's his.)

  3. De+ noun: la pièce de Corneille, la tille de ma copine

  4. Possessive adjectives (my, your, his, etc.) and pronouns (mine, yours, his, etc.):

 

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES / L’ADJECTIF POSSESSIF

Possessive adjectivesagree in gender and number with that which is possessed.

 
Meaning   Singular   Plural
 
  masc.   fem.  
 

my

 

mon

 

ma (mon)

 

mes

 

your

 

ton

 

ta (ton)

 

tes

 

his/her/its

 

son

 

sa (son)

 

ses

 

our

 

notre

 

nos

 

your

 

votre

 

vos

 

their

 

leur

 

leurs



  1. Before vowels and mute hthe feminine singular forms are replaced by mon, ton, son: mon amie; ton idée; son héroine (But: sa *hanche)

  2. With reflexive verbs, use le, la, lesinstead of the possessive adjective: Je me rase labarbe.

  3. With body parts and clothing use à + le, la, les: la tille aux yeux verts, ie chapeau à la tête, il s'en va.

  4. To distinguish between him and her when using son, sa,add à+ emphatic pronoun: son livre à lui(his book); sa chaise à elle(her chair)

 
 

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS / LE PRONOM POSSESSIF

Possessive pronounsreplace nouns: This is your book; that one ismine.

They agree in gender and number with the nouns they replace.

 
Meaning   Singular   Plural
 
  masc.   fem.   masc.   fem.
 

mine

 

le mien

 

la mienne

 

les miens

 

les miennes

 

your

 

le tien

 

la tienne

 

les tiens

 

les tiennes

 

his/her/its

 

le sien

 

la sienne

 

les siens

 

les siennes

 

our

 

le/la nôtre

 

les nôtres

 

your

 

le/la vôtre

 

les vôtres

 

theirs

 

le/la leur

 

les leurs



  1. The article components of the possessive pronouns contract with a and de according to the usual rules for le, la, les. Tu penses a ton oncle; je pense au mien. II parle de ses amies; elle parle des iennes.