Public Speaking & Presentations
Use one or several of these frameworks to make your argument in the body of your presentation.
Build up to a larger picture by looking at various aspects of one topic.
Follow a timeline.
Create a mental map to relate your ideas, perhaps assisted by a visual aid.
THE FIVE QUESTIONS
Who? What? When? Where? and Why?
ORDER OF IMPORTANCE
Move from the least to the most important details, or vice versa.
Good for persuasive speeches. Show a result, then explain the process from cause to effect.
Remove all alternatives until there’s only one remaining option—yours!
Pose a problem and then offer a solution.
Describe one possible thesis, and then argue the opposite (the antithesis).
1+1=2. Connect several details to make a larger point.
Lay out a set of criteria that you can use to evaluate your topic.
Establish a need for your audience and then satisfy that need.
CICERO’S SIX RULES OF DISCOURSE
Start with an introduction, state the facts, show areas of disagreement or decisions, offer support for a point of view, eliminate opposing arguments, and conclude.
RON HOFF’S STRUCTURE
Introduce an issue of concern, offer a new point of view, back it up with evidence, offer a resolution, and suggest the next steps to take.